Counting in Japanese  

Ichi

one

Ni

two

San

three

Shi, Yon

four

Go

five

Roku

six

Shichi, Nana

seven

Hachi

eight

Ku, Kyuu

nine

Juu

ten

 

 

Terminology Stances  

Dachi

Stance

Fudou-dachi

Immovable stance.

Gankaku-dachi

Crane stance.

Hachiji-dachi

Open legged stance.

Hangetsu-dachi

Half moon stance.

Heisoku-dachi

Parallel stance (heels and toes together).

Heiko-dachi

Parallel leg stance.

Kiba-dachi

Horse stance, also know as straddle-leg stance or side stance.

Koukutsu-dachi

Back stance.

Kousa-dachi

X stance/Crossed stance.

Musubi-dachi

Attention stance (heels together, toes turned out 45-degrees).

Neko-ashi-dachi

Cat stance.

Reinoji-dachi

L stance.

Sanchin-dachi

Hourglass stance, also know as three-point stance.

Shiko-dachi

Square stance, sumo stance.

Shizentai

Natural stance.

Teiji-dachi

T stance.

Uchi-hachi-dachi

Inverted open leg stance.

Zenkutsu-dachi

Front stance.

 

 

Terminology Punches  

Zuki/Tsuki      

Punch.

Age Zuki         

Rising punch.

Awase Zuki    

U punch.

Choku Zuki     

Straight punch.

Dan Zuki         

Double punch.

Gyaku Zuki     

Reverse punch.

Hasami Zuki   

Scissor punch.

Heiko Zuki     

Parallel punch.

Kagi Zuki       

Hook punch.

Kizami Zuki    

Jab Punch.

Morote Zuki   

Augmented punch.

Nukite 

Spear hand strike

Oi Zuki           

Lunge punch, chasing punch.

Ren Zuki         

Alternate punch.

Tate Zuki        

Vertical punch.

Ura Zuki         

Close punch.

Yama Zuki      

Mountain punch.

 

 

Terminology Kicks  

Geri/Keri       

Kick.

Barai  

Sweep.

Ashi Barai      

Foot/Leg sweep.

Fumikomi Geri           

Stamping kick.

Hangetsu Geri

Outside in crescent kick

Kakato Geri    

Ax kick.

Keage 

Snap (kick).

Kekomi           

Thrust (kick).

Mae Geri        

Front kick.

Mawashi Geri            

Roundhouse kick.

Mikazuki Geri            

inside out Crescent kick.

Nami Ashi      

Returning wave kick.

Nidan Geri     

Double kick.

Tobi Geri       

Jump kick.

Ura mawashi Geri      

Hook kick

Ushiro Geri    

Back kick.

Yoko Geri      

Side kick.

 

 

Terminology Blocks  

Uke     

Block (literally "To receive").

Age Uke         

Rising block.

Awase Uke     

Combined block.

Gedan Barai   

Downward block, low sweeping block.

Haishu Uke     

Backhand block (a block using the back of the hand).

Haitou Uke     

Ridge hand block.

Juuji Uke        

X block.

Kaisho Uke     

Open hand block.

Kakiwake Uke            

Wedge block.

Keito Uke       

Chicken head block.

Kosa Uke        

Crossed block.

Mikazuki Geri Uke     

Crescent kick block.

Morote Uke    

Augmented block.

Osae Uke        

Pressing block.

Shutou Uke     

Knife hand block.

Soto Uke         

Outside block.

Tate Shuto Uke           

Vertical knife hand block.

Tettsui Uke     

Hammer fist block.

Uchi Uke        

Inside block.

Yama Uke       

Mountain block.

 

 

Miscellaneous Terminology  

Arigatou         

Thank you

Arigatou Gozaimashita

Thank you very much.

Barai  

Sweep.

Bunkai            

Analysis.

Chudan           

Mid section.

Dan     

Step.

Do      

Way/path.

Do-gi

Training uniform.

Dojo   

Literally, "Place of the way." Also "place of enlightenment. "The place where karate is practiced.

Gedan

Lower section.

Gyaku

Reverse.

Hai     

Yes

Hajime           

Begin

Hansei            

The command given at the closing mediation after the training  session in some dojo, which means to recollect something that you have learned that lesson

Hidari

Left

Hikite

Pulling hand

Ikken Hissatsu            

Ending a conflict with one deadly strike.

Joudan            

Upper level.

Kamiza           

Front of the dojo.

Karate

Empty hand.

Karate do

The way of the empty hand

Karate jitsu

The fighting art of karate

Karate ka

A practitioner of karate

Kata    

A prescribed sequence of techniques against imaginary opponents.

Keage 

snapping (as in snapping kick)

Kekomi           

thrusting (as in thrusting kick)

Kiai    

A shout.

Kihon

Something which is fundamental. Basic techniques.

Kime  

Decision. Often described as focus of power, decisive focus.

Kiotsuke         

Attention.

Kyu     

Class. Any rank below shodan (first degree black belt).

Maai   

Distance.

Mawatte         

Turn around.

Migi   

Right.

Mokuso          

The command given at the meditation before the training session, which means clear your mind in preparation to receive instruction.

Obi     

Belt.

Ossu   

A greeting.

Rei     

Bow.

Reigi  

Etiquette, manners.

Saho   

Manners, etiquette.

Seiza  

Kneel.

Senpai            

One's senior.

Sensei

Teacher. He who went before.

Shodan           

First step, first degree black belt

Shomen           

Front, front of the dojo

Shugo

Gather, assemble.

Tai Sabaki      

Body movement/shifting/evasion.

Waza  

Technique(s), skill.

Yame  

Stop.

Yasumi           

Rest.

Yoi     

Preparation, to get ready.

Zanshin           

Awareness.